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Typical Italian products: PGI Romanesco artichoke from Lazio

Typical Italian products: PGI Romanesco artichoke from Lazio



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Production area

The production area is limited to some areas of the provinces of Viterbo, Rome and Latina, and includes the municipalities of Montalto di Castro, Canino, Tarquinia, Allumiere, Tolfa, Civitavecchia, Santa Marinella, Campagnano, Cerveteri, Ladispoli, Fiumicino, Rome, Lariano, Sezze, Priverno, Sermoneta, Pontinia.

Features

It is also called cimarolo or mammola, has a spherical, compact shape and has no spines. It is harvested from February to May, and is widely used in the preparation of typical dishes (artichokes alla Giudia, alla romana, matticella ...).

Romanesco artichoke from Lazio PGI

Production specifications - PGI Romanesco artichoke from Lazio

Article 1
Name
Protected geographical location (I.G.P.) Romanesco artichoke from Lazio and reserved to Romanesque alcarciofo (Cynara scolymus L.) which responds to the conditions and requirements established in this production specification.

Article 2
Description
The cultivars of Romanesco artichoke from Lazio to be included in the varietal platform are described below:
Castellammare and related clones
a) morphological characteristics:
- plant: medium or large size, main head insertion height around 30 cm, expanded habit, medium sucking attitude;
- leaf: dark green color, defenseless, large size, medium heterophyllia;
- main flower head: spherical, compact, with a characteristic apex hole, large dimensions, green external bracts with violet hues, rounded, incised, unarmed apex.
- medium or long thick stalk.
b) production characteristics:
- flower heads per plant: average production about 6 - 8 flower heads for fresh consumption, 5 - 8 flower heads for canning use;
- period of production: early with the beginning of January.
Campagnano and related clones
a) morphological characteristics:
- plant: large size, main head insertion height around 50 cm, very expanded growth habit, poor sucking attitude;
- leaf: ash green color, unarmed, large size, medium heterophylia;
- main flower head: spherical, compact with characteristic apex hole, very large dimensions, external bracts with violet hues, rounded, incised, unarmed apex.
- medium or long, very thick peduncle.
b) production characteristics:
- flower heads for plants: average production about 8 - 10 flower heads per plant for fresh consumption and 4 - 5 for canning use;
- period of production: late, with beginning of March - April.

Article 3
Production areas
The production area is limited to some areas of the provinces of Viterbo, Rome and Latina, and includes the municipalities of Montalto di Castro, Canino, Tarquinia, Allumiere, Tolfa, Civitavecchia, Santa Marinella, Campagnano, Cerveteri, Ladispoli, Fiumicino, Rome, Lariano, Sezze, Priverno, Sermoneta, Pontinia.

Article 4
Elements that prove the origin of the product
The artichoke in the Lazio countryside and known since Roman times, probably already the Etruscans collected this product. In modern times, cultivation is practiced in all the areas mentioned in art. 3 from over 30 to over 50 years in certain areas.
There are also festivals dedicated to this product in various areas. In Ladispoli the Romanesco artichoke has been celebrated for over 50 years, other festivals of the Romanesco artichoke are in Campagnano and Sezze, to mention only the most important.
The Roman artichoke has adapted beautifully to the Lazio soil and climate conditions, also helped by the optimal characteristics of the land where it is grown. The product has eradicated strongly in the gastronomic culture of the region with many recipes and culinary uses and has assumed a significant economic importance over the years.

Article 5
Production method
Soil preparation and planting.
Main working: at a depth of 50 - 60 cm with plowing or ripping followed by a superficial working; this operation must be preceded by the distribution of phospho-potassium fertilizers and possibly of organic fertilizer.
Planting date: August to October.
Minimum and maximum planting distance to be adopted: m 1 - 1.60 between the rows, m. 0.80 - 1.20 on the row.
Soil analysis: mandatory for new plants.
Irrigation.
In order to anticipate the vegetative awakening, irrigation can be carried out starting from August. At the end of winter, rescue operations are allowed only in conjunction with particularly dry climatic conditions. In general, between three and five irrigation interventions of 300 - 350 mc / ha / shift are sufficient.
Crop operations.
The dicioccatura can be manual or mechanical.
In order to reintegrate the organic substance into the soil, it is mandatory to leave the residues on the ground after shredding and burying.
Plants infected with pathogens (verticillium spp., Fusarium and root-knot nemotodes) must be carefully removed from the field and burned.
Scarducciatura is usually carried out between the second and third ten days of September between November and December.
For the Romanesco Artichoke of Lazio only one carduccio is grown per plant. Treatments with plant growth regulators are prohibited.
Method of collection and production yield.
The collection is done by hand, scalarly and in a different way in relation to the type of presentation on the market (art. 6).
The harvest period starts in January and can last until May.
Duration and rotation of the artichoke and qualitative characteristics.
The permanence of the artichoke field must not exceed four years, a three-year rotation must also be carried out.
The Romanesco Artichoke of Lazio with a protected geographical indication, when released for fresh consumption must meet the following characteristics:
- diameter of the cimaroli not less than ten centimeters;
- diameter of the first and second order flower heads not less than seven centimeters;
- green to violet color;
- spherical type shape.
The other qualitative characteristics of the product must comply with the quality standards provided for by EEC regulation no. 58/62 and subsequent amendments and additions, with the exclusion of category 2 envisaged by the same quality standards.
For traditional local consumption, the sale of the cimaroli of the Roman Artichoke of Lazio in bunches of ten, provided with leaves and with a stem even greater than 10 cm in length, is allowed exclusively within the Lazio region (EEC regulation 448/97 and subsequent amendments and additions), or in bunches of nondefinite number in the shape of a pine cone and without leaves.

Article 6.
Link with the environment
The verification of the origin of the product and the link with the production environment will be carried out by the control body referred to in art. 7, which will manage a special list of producers of the I.G.P. Romanesco artichoke from Lazio.

Article 7
Inspection body
The verification of the existence of the technical conditions of suitability and the relative controls referred to in art. 10 of EEC regulation no. 2081/92 will be carried out through Agroqualita certification body based in Rome - via Montebello n. 8, in compliance with current regulations.

Article 8.
Labeling
In addition to the denomination referred to in art. 1 it is permitted to use indications which refer to names, company names, trademarks and companies which do not have a laudative and talented meaning, do not mislead the buyer.
It is also allowed the use of geographical and toponymic indications which refer to municipalities, hamlets, ares, farms, areas and localities included in the municipalities of cuiallart. 3 and from which the artichoke with the protected geographical indication actually comes.
The trademark must be reproduced as deposited with a green concentric external writing on a yellow field with the following wording: Romanesco artichoke from Lazio; and below in black I.G.P .. In the center the figure of an artichoke flower head in camporosa tending towards orange.
Packaging: sealed packages covered with plastic net or transparent plastic sheet.
The brand will be placed laterally in the package. In the case of sale in bouquets it will be inserted in a band that wraps them.


Video: ITALIAN NONNA makes PICKLED ARTICHOKES HEARTS (August 2022).