Information

Fruit trees: Dogwood

Fruit trees: Dogwood



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Generality

The Dogwood (Cornus mas L.) belongs to the Cornaceae family.
Species native of southern Europe up to the Black Sea. In Italy it is missing only in the islands.
Sapling from two to six meters high (exceptionally up to 8 m), with the old yellowish gray rind that detaches itself in small ocher flakes or rust brown especially at the base of the stem. The leaves are 4-10 cm long, opposite, petiolate, oval and elliptical, sharp at the top, deciduous, with ribs converging towards the tip. The flowers precede the foliation, are yellow and very small and reach the size of 4-5 mm. They are separated sepals, gathered in sessile umbrellas surrounded by 4 cross bracts. Bright red fruits (drupes), which become darker when ripe, almost 2 cm long.

Dogwood Flowers (Carnelian)

Corniolo (Corniole) fruits (website photos)

Dogwood (website photo)

Trunk of Cornus mas - Botanical Gardens of Florence (photo website)

Varieties and rootstocks

In Italy there are several cultivars: "Golden Glory", "Variegata", "Aurea" and "Elegant".

Cultivation technique

It grows in stony soils, especially on calcareous ground, especially in the hills. Very long-lived plant.

Productions

Suitable to be eaten fresh. To produce drinks, liqueurs, sweets, jellies, sauces, jams and in gastronomic recipes. They are preserved in alcohol (like cherries) and in brine (like olives).
As a medicinal plant for the tonic-astringent action of fruits, against enteritis, in the treatment of skin diseases, joint pain and metabolic disorders.
Roots, bark and sprouts were used to treat fever with an action similar to cinchona wood.
In cosmetics, the pulp is used as an astringent for oily or seborrheic skin.
Wood is suitable for making turning objects.
As an ornamental plant in parks and gardens, for the bright leaves and the myriad of yellow flowers with very early opening. Fruits are highly sought after by wildlife.

Adversity


Video: Air Layering Results for Bartlett Pear, Honeycrisp Apple, and Pink Dogwood (August 2022).