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Forest cultivation: Etna broom

Forest cultivation: Etna broom



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Classification, origin and diffusion

Division: Spermatophyta
Subdivision: Angiospermae
Class: Dicotyledones
Family: Fabaceae

The Ginestra dellEtna is an endemic species of Sicily (eastern side of Etna) and Sardinia Eastern side).

Broom of Etna - Genista aetnensis (Biv.) DC. (photo www.dipbot.unict.it)

Broom of Etna - Genista aetnensis (Biv.) DC. (photo Velela)

General characteristics

Size and bearing
Tree up to 6-8 meters high, with irregular crown, consisting of streaked and pubescent branches. The trunk, sometimes underdeveloped, is covered with brownish-red rind like the main branches.
leaves
Caducus, linear in shape, scattered and covered with hair. They are present from October to April, when they fall as the plant is about to bloom.
Reproductive structures
The flowers appear in late spring, are golden-yellow and arranged in dense elongated racemes. The fruit is a brown, glabrous, sickle-shaped legume containing 2-4 small lenticular seeds.

Uses

In the 1950s, an attempt was made to introduce this plant for forestry purposes to the Peloritani Mountains and Vesuvius, but without great success. It is an ornamental plant very suitable for difficult and poorly evolved soils, in environments not affected by salt.


Video: Importance of Agricultural forestry (August 2022).