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Wildlife in Italy: Tawny Owl Strix aluco

Wildlife in Italy: Tawny Owl Strix aluco



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Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Birds
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Titonidi
Kind: Strix
Species: aluco

Lallocco is a widespread species in Eurasia and north-western Africa. In Italy it is present in all regions, except Sardinia. It is present throughout the Alpine chain up to around 1500 meters above sea level.

Tawny Owl (photo www.ivnvechtplassen.org)

Tawny Owl (photo http://ibc.lynxeds.com)

Distinctive characters

Total length: 38-45 cm
Wingspan: 88-100 cm
Weight:
- Male: 300-550 grams
- Female: 350-700 grams

It has a massive body, as big as a crow but more oblivious. The plumage is brown-gray or reddish-brown, in both sexes, with dark longitudinal streaks; in young people it is similar to that of adults.
The beak is short, hooked, yellowish.
The head is large, rounded, with facial disks, without tufts, with dark eyes placed at the front.
The wings are long and wide. The tail is short, barred and square.
The legs are of medium length, with feathered tarsi and toes, clear, with hooked nails.
The female is bigger than the male.

Biology

The breeding period runs from approximately March to June. It lays from 2 to 9 white and round eggs in cavities of large trees, niches of walls, old nests of corvids. The incubation period lasts 28-29 days (normally one brood per year). The offspring are nidiculas and leave the nest at 4-5 weeks, when they are not yet able to fly and entertain themselves in the immediate vicinity for a few days.
It has mainly nocturnal and twilight habits. It lives solitary in wooded, tree-lined, rocky and even urban areas. Phenology: sedentary, nesting, partial migratory.
Feeding: carnivorous-insectivorous (micro-mammals, birds, amphibians, large insects).
The main song consists of a series of dark huùu ... u - huùu ... uuuuu (male), trembling in the second part.
The flight is silent and slightly swaying, beaten, interspersed with glides.
In freedom he lives over 19 years, in captivity over 27.

Fauna of the Alps - Birds
Sergio Abram - Nitida Image Publishing

150 species of nesting birds in the Alps, illustrated and described in detail in individual cards. Approximately 300 color photographs to recognize the species treated. General section on birds. Systematic table with the classification of all the birds described. Construction and installation of artificial nests and winter feeders ...
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Video: Cárabo común Strix aluco (August 2022).